Peridot is the best known gem variety of olivine, a species name for a series of magnesium-iron rich silicate minerals.It is one of the prettiest of all green gems.Most peridot formed deep inside the earth and was brought to the surface by volcanoes. Some has also come to Earth in meteorites, but this extraterrestrial peridot is extremely rare, and you’re not likely to see it in a retail jewelry store.
Color: Green, olive.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (Mg,Fe)2(SiO)4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.654-1.689
Occurrence: China, Burma, East Africa, U.S.A., and Vietnam